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2020关于世界过敏性疾病日

  • 2020-06-22 14:39:19
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关于世界过敏性疾病日

About World Allergy day

2005年6月28日,WAO联合各国变态反应机构共同发起了对抗过敏性疾病的全球倡议,将每年的7月8日定为世界过敏性疾病日。旨在通过增强全民对过敏性疾病的认识,共同来预防过敏反应及过敏性哮喘。

On June 28, 2005, Wao, together with allergy agencies of various countries, launched a global initiative to fight against allergic diseases, and designated July 8 as the world allergic disease day every year. The aim is to prevent allergic reactions and asthma by enhancing the awareness of allergic diseases.

世界过敏性疾病日日期

World Allergy day date

世界过敏性疾病日时间:每年的7月8日是世界过敏性疾病日。

World allergic disease day time: July 8 is the world allergic disease day every year.

2020年世界过敏性疾病日是几月几日:2020年07月08日 星期三 (庚子年(鼠年)五月十八)。

What day is the world allergic disease day in 2020: Wednesday, July 8, 2020 (May 18, gengzi year (rat year)).

世界过敏性疾病日的由来

The origin of world allergic disease day

疾病简介

Disease profile

过敏性疾病又称变态反应性疾病,是因为病人敏感性过高,在血液中产生一种对某种特殊的过敏原过敏的特异性免疫球蛋白E抗体(IgE),这种病人有遗传倾向。IgE敏感可导致以下几种典型的过敏性疾病:哮喘、鼻炎、过敏性湿疹、结膜炎、食物过敏、药物过敏和过敏性休克等。其中最常见的是由花粉、尘螨、真菌和宠物等致敏因素引起的过敏性鼻炎和过敏性哮喘。

Allergic disease, also known as allergic disease, is due to the high sensitivity of patients, which produces a specific immunoglobulin E antibody (IGE) in the blood, which is allergic to a specific allergen. This patient has a genetic tendency. IgE sensitivity can lead to the following typical allergic diseases: asthma, rhinitis, allergic eczema, conjunctivitis, food allergy, drug allergy and anaphylactic shock. The most common allergic rhinitis and asthma are caused by pollen, dust mite, fungi and pets.

发展现状

Development status

世界变态反应组织对30个国家过敏性疾病的流行病学调查显示:这些国家的总人口中,22%的人患有过敏性疾病,如过敏性鼻炎、哮喘、结膜炎、湿疹、食物过敏、药物过敏等。美国约有四五千万人有过敏问题,其中3950万人患有季节性过敏性鼻炎。据世界卫生组织估计,全球有1.5亿哮喘患者,并呈逐年上升趋势,其中50%的成人及至少80%的儿童均由过敏因素如花粉引发。季节性过敏性炎如不经治疗,25%-38%将发展为哮喘,最终成为常年哮喘、肺气肿、肺心病。世界卫生组织同时估计,每年有超过18万人死于哮喘,于2005年更有约25万人因哮喘病而导致死亡。

According to the World Allergy Organization's epidemiological survey of allergic diseases in 30 countries, 22% of the total population in these countries suffer from allergic diseases, such as allergic rhinitis, asthma, conjunctivitis, eczema, food allergy, drug allergy, etc. About 45 million people in the United States have allergies, of which 39.5 million suffer from seasonal allergic rhinitis. According to the World Health Organization, there are 150 million asthmatics in the world, which are on the rise year by year. 50% of adults and at least 80% of children are caused by allergic factors such as pollen. If seasonal allergic inflammation is not treated, 25% - 38% of it will develop into asthma and eventually become perennial asthma, emphysema and cor pulmonale. The World Health Organization also estimates that more than 180000 people die of asthma every year, and about 250000 more died of asthma in 2005.

全球与过敏性鼻炎相关的费用,包括药物、咨询及工作休假等每年花费超过200亿美元。全球仅抗变态反应(过敏)药物这一项的支出估计超过80亿美元。

Global costs associated with allergic rhinitis, including drugs, counseling and work holidays, cost more than $20 billion a year. The global expenditure on antiallergic (allergy) drugs alone is estimated to exceed US $8 billion.


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